Adverb

Adverb

An adverb is a word that modifies all part of speech except Noun,Pronoun and Interjection.

How to recognize an Adverb.

=> When any word comes between Article (a,an,the) and Adjective, that word is called Adverb.Such as

  • She is a very good girl.

=> The answer which comes after questioning “ how many, how much, when, where” except noun,pronoun and interjection, is called adverb. Such as

  • He reads English slowly.    How he reads English? Answer is “slowly.” This word is adverb.

Kinds of Adverb: There are three types of adverb

A-Simple Adverb:- 

 Simple adverb is also many types.

1-Adverb of Time:- 

The adverb that answers the question ‘when’, is called Adverb of Time. Such as today, yesterday, now, then, tomorrow, soon, ago, formerly, lately etc.

  • He died yesterday.
  • You may leave now.
  • You are late.
  • Yesterday, I wrote a letter.
  • I have already completed this work.
  • My friend will come tomorrow.

2-Adverb of Place:- 

The adverb that answers the question ‘where’, is called Adverb of Place. Such as here, there, everywhere, nowhere, in, out, inside, outside, away, upstairs, thither, hither, below, above downstairs, forward backward etc.

  • May I come in?
  • I’ll go there
  • He came forward to put his view on the topic.

3-Adverb of Frequency:- 

The adverb that answers the question ‘how often’, is called Adverb of frequency. Such as again, always, hardly, once, often, frequency etc.

  • Always respect your elders.
  • I go to village frequently.
  • I often go there for morning walk.

4-Adverb of Number:-

The adverb that answers the question ‘in what order’, is called Adverb of Number. Such as lastly firstly, secondly, thirdly, twice, trice etc.

  • I watch movie once in a week.
  • Secondly, you can not buy this car.
  • I go to bank twice in a month.
  • 5-Adverb of Manner:-

The adverb that answers the question ‘in what manner’, is called Adverb of Manner. Such as fast, hard, slowly, soundly, well, clearly, bravely, probably, certainly, sadly, only, carefully, really, seriously etc.

  • The dog ran fast after the cat.
  • The boy worked hard.
  • You are seriously very sick.
  • You can speak English well.

6-Adverb of Degree or Quality:- 

The adverb that answers the question ‘how much’ or ‘in what degree’, is called Adverb of Degree or Quality. Such as little, partly, very, much, so, quite, many , fully, half, rather, as enough etc.

  • He is rather sad.
  • I am fully prepared.
  • India has half chance to win the game.
  • I have little money to go there.
  • He is very enthusiastic.
  • I have almost done the work.
  • You are entirely wrong.

7-Adverb of Reason:- 

The Adverb that answers the question ‘why’, is called Adverb of Reason. Such as hence, therefore, so, thus, consequently etc.

  • He didn’t do hard work,therefore, he got failed in examination.
  • He did good preparation for exam, so he got succeeded.

8-Adverb of Affirmation or Negation:- 

The Adverb which answers the question in affirmatively or negatively, is called Adverb of Affirmation or Negation. Such as surely, yes, certainly, no, not , seldom etc.

  • I don’t smoke.
  • Yes, I’ll do your work.
  • Certainly, I can do this work.

B- Interrogative Adverb:- 

When Interrogative words (how, when, why, where etc.) begin any sentence. And give information of time, place, reason manner etc. Then, these words are called Interrogative Adverb. Such as

  • When do you get up?
  • How did you solve this question?
  • Where do you live?
  • Why did you come here?

C-Relative adverb:- 

When Relative Adverb is used as a Conjunction to join two clauses into one, this word is called Relative Adverb. Such as

  • I know the time when he comes.
  • This is the house where I lived before.
  • I’ll tell the way how you should do this work.
  • Can you tell me the reason why he didn’t come here?

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